Moyross (Maigh Rois as Gaeilge) was developed between
19731987 in Limerick city and county. it is the largest
social housing estate in Ireland.
Until 2008 the estate
was unusual in that it spanned two electoral areas, with 728
houses part of the Ballynanty DED of Limerick City Council,
and 432 houses in the Limerick North Rural DED of Limerick County
Council. The city boundaries have since been redrawn so that
the whole estate is now covered by the City Council.
of 1,160 houses, which are divided into 12 parks. Moyross is
currently the largest housing estate in Limerick City, and is
located on the north side.
From the 1980's Moyross
experienced extreme levels of poverty and disadvantage with
an unemployment figure of 84% at that time. The community has
had very high dependency on social welfare and a disproportionately
In 2001 Moyross with,
Ballynanty and Kileely was designated one of the 25 most disadvantaged
areas in Ireland under the RAPID programme.
The total population decreased by 7% from 4,448 in 1992 to 4,110
in 2002 and reduced again to 3,468 in 2006. Since 2007 Limerick
City Council has been steadily depopulating the area (with funding
from the Regeneration Agency) to facilitate the regeneration
programme. There are no figures presently available for total
population at this time.
Moyross has been
strongly associated in the media with anti-social behavior and
crime. Delmege Park is considered one of the worst affected
areas of Moyross, with several incidents involving petrol bomb
attacks and various gun-related incidents that reached a peak
in 2006. An incident that has received much media attention
was the 10 September 2006 petrol bomb attack of five-year old
Gavin Murray and seven-year old Millie Murray.
The attack took place
after their mother, Sheila Murray, turned down youths for a
lift to a courthouse. 10 minutes later, as Sheila Murray's car
was parked outside her family home with her two children inside,
a petrol bomb exploded, engulfing the two children in flames.
Although they survived the incident, Gavin and Millie have been
left with permanent scars and continued medical treatment for
intensive burns. Three teenager weree later charged and convicted.
The crime illustrated
the desperate need for government attention in Moyross, and
the neglect faced by some housing estates in comparison to more
affluent areas of Limerick. Former Dublin City Manager, John
Fitzgerald was appointed to lead an initiative to address issues
of crime and exclusion in Moyross and other areas. He presented
his report to the government in April 2007, in which he stated,
described above that applies to Moyross, Southill, St Mary's
Park and Ballinacurra/Weston is extremely serious and must be
dealt with as a matter of urgency both in the interest of the
communities and the areas concerned and to prevent these problems
from spreading to other parts of the city".
In October 2008,
plans for regeneration of Moyross, Southill, St. Mary's Park
and Ballinacurra Weston were presented to Limerick City Council.
The plan for Moyross includes the demolition and rebuilding
of approximately all 1,160 homes in the area, including derelict
houses. Stricter eviction rules will be in place as part of
the new plan, as will the need for a certificate of eligibility
to receive a home.